The position of fluid film in journal bearing will change while the journal moving in bearing, which can be named fluid film boundary migration (FFBM). It is usually ignored in the calculation of linear dynamic coefficients. While, the errors brought by this neglection was not ever investigated in detail. In this paper, the influence of FFBM on bearing dynamic coefficients and rotor system dynamic behaviors are investigated. A new perturbation-based model is proposed to take the FFBM into account by modifying the boundary conditions of governing equations. It is then verified by the experimental results and analytical results from previous research. Furthermore, the effects of FFBM on stiffness and damping in two typical journal bearings are investigated. The result indicates that the FFBM has a significant influence on dynamic coefficients of full circular journal bearing but little impact on journal bearing with axial grooves. Moreover, it affects the stiffness and damping more significantly in the cases of large length-to-diameter ratios or small eccentricity ratios in full circle bearing. Finally, the dynamical behavior of a rotor-bearing system with considering the FFBM is also investigated. The result shows that the FFBM of oil film has remarkable influences on the instability threshold and imbalance responses of the rotor system, which should not be ignored. The conclusions obtained in this research are expected to be helpful for the design of full circular journal bearings or rotor-bearing systems.