An experimental and analytical study has been performed on the effect of Reynolds number and free-stream turbulence on boundary layer transition location on the suction surface of a controlled diffusion airfoil (CDA). The experiments were conducted in a rectilinear cascade facility at Reynolds numbers between 0.7 and and turbulence intensities from about 0.7 to 4 percent. An oil streak technique and liquid crystal coatings were used to visualize the boundary layer state. For small turbulence levels and all Reynolds numbers tested, the accelerated front portion of the blade is laminar and transition occurs within a laminar separation bubble shortly after the maximum velocity near 35–40 percent of chord. For high turbulence levels (Tu>3 percent) and high Reynolds numbers, the transition region moves upstream into the accelerated front portion of the CDA blade. For those conditions, the sensitivity to surface roughness increases considerably; at Tu=4 percent, bypass transition is observed near 7–10 percent of chord. Experimental results are compared to theoretical predictions using the transition model, which is implemented in the MISES code of Youngren and Drela. Overall, the results indicate that early bypass transition at high turbulence levels must alter the profile velocity distribution for compressor blades that are designed and optimized for high Reynolds numbers.
Effects of Reynolds Number and Free-Stream Turbulence on Boundary Layer Transition in a Compressor Cascade
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the 45th International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Munich, Germany, May 8–11, 2000. Manuscript received by the International Gas Turbine Institute February 2000. Paper No. 2000-GT-263. Review Chair: D. Ballal.
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Schreiber , H., Steinert, W., and Ku¨sters, B. (February 1, 2000). "Effects of Reynolds Number and Free-Stream Turbulence on Boundary Layer Transition in a Compressor Cascade ." ASME. J. Turbomach. January 2002; 124(1): 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1413471
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