This paper considers the effect of the rotor tip on the casing heat load of a transonic axial flow turbine. The aim of the research is to understand the dominant causes of casing heat transfer. Experimental measurements were conducted at engine-representative Mach number, Reynolds number, and stage inlet to casing wall temperature ratio. Time-resolved heat-transfer coefficient and gas recovery temperature on the casing were measured using an array of heat-transfer gauges. Time-resolved static pressure on the casing wall was measured using Kulite pressure transducers. Time-resolved numerical simulations were undertaken to aid understanding of the mechanism responsible for casing heat load. The results show that between 35% and 60% axial chord the rotor tip-leakage flow is responsible for more than 50% of casing heat transfer. The effects of both gas recovery temperature and heat transfer coefficient were investigated separately and it is shown that an increased stagnation temperature in the rotor tip gap dominates casing heat transfer. In the tip gap the stagnation temperature is shown to rise above that found at stage inlet (combustor exit) by as much as 35% of stage total temperature drop. The rise in stagnation temperature is caused by an isentropic work input to the tip-leakage fluid by the rotor. The size of this mechanism is investigated by computationally tracking fluid path lines through the rotor tip gap to understand the unsteady work processes that occur.
The Effect of Work Processes on the Casing Heat Transfer of a Transonic Turbine
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Thorpe, S. J., Miller, R. J., Yoshino, S., Ainsworth, R. W., and Harvey, N. W. (February 1, 2005). "The Effect of Work Processes on the Casing Heat Transfer of a Transonic Turbine." ASME. J. Turbomach. January 2007; 129(1): 84–91. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2372772
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