Prediction of thermodynamic loss in transitional boundary layers is typically based on time-averaged data only. This approach effectively ignores the intermittent nature of the transition region. In this work laminar and turbulent conditionally sampled boundary layer data for zero pressure gradient and accelerating transitional boundary layers have been analyzed to calculate the entropy generation rate in the transition region. By weighting the nondimensional dissipation coefficient for the laminar conditioned data and turbulent conditioned data with the intermittency factor, the entropy generation rate in the transition region can be determined and compared to the time-averaged data and correlations for laminar and turbulent flow. It is demonstrated that this method provides an accurate and detailed picture of the entropy generation rate during transition in contrast with simple time averaging. The data used in this paper have been taken from conditionally sampled boundary layer measurements available in the literature for favorable pressure gradient flows. Based on these measurements, a semi-empirical technique is developed to predict the entropy generation rate in a transitional boundary layer with promising results.
Predicting Entropy Generation Rates in Transitional Boundary Layers Based on Intermittency
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Nolan, K. P., Walsh, E. J., McEligot, D. M., and Volino, R. J. (July 25, 2006). "Predicting Entropy Generation Rates in Transitional Boundary Layers Based on Intermittency." ASME. J. Turbomach. July 2007; 129(3): 512–517. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2720488
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