In this two-part paper, results of the periodical unsteady flow field within the third rotor blade row of the four-stage Dresden low-speed research compressor are presented. The main part of the experimental investigations was performed using laser Doppler anemometry. Results of the flow field at several spanwise positions between midspan and rotor blade tip will be discussed. In addition, time-resolving pressure sensors at midspan of the rotor blades provide information about the unsteady profile pressure distribution. In Part II of the paper, the flow field in the rotor blade tip region will be discussed. The experimental results reveal a strong periodical interaction of the incoming stator wakes and the rotor blade tip clearance vortices. Consequently, in the rotor frame of reference, the tip clearance vortices are periodical with the stator blade passing frequency. Due to the wakes, the tip clearance vortices are separated into different segments. Along the mean vortex trajectory, these parts can be characterized by alternating patches of higher and lower velocities and flow turning or subsequent counter-rotating vortex pairs. These flow patterns move downstream along the tip clearance vortex path in time. As a result of the wake influence, the orientation and extension of the tip clearance vortices as well as the flow blockage periodically vary in time.
Periodical Unsteady Flow Within a Rotor Blade Row of an Axial Compressor—Part II: Wake-Tip Clearance Vortex Interaction
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Mailach, R., Lehmann, I., and Vogeler, K. (July 31, 2008). "Periodical Unsteady Flow Within a Rotor Blade Row of an Axial Compressor—Part II: Wake-Tip Clearance Vortex Interaction." ASME. J. Turbomach. October 2008; 130(4): 041005. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2812330
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