This paper presents a new design methodology for strutted S-shaped compressor ducts that allows for more aggressive designs while maintaining current levels of duct loss. A baseline duct geometry was selected, which had a radius change to length ratio that is 34% larger than current engine design limits. A large-scale low-speed model of the baseline duct was experimentally tested. The flow in the corner between the hub and the strut was found to separate due to the high local diffusion causing an increase in duct loss. Area ruling was applied to the baseline duct and was predicted to reduce the size and extent of the strut-hub corner separation, but the duct design was compromised. The duct loss coefficient at midpitch was predicted to increase compared with that of the baseline design. Nonaxisymmetric endwall profiling was then used on the duct wall, locally to the strut, to remove the strut-hub corner separation and thus reduce net duct loss, without compromising the duct design away from the strut. The endwall geometry was produced by numerical optimization. It was shown that the net duct loss was insensitive to casing profiling but highly sensitive to hub profiling. The optimal hub geometry was experimentally tested and shown to completely remove endwall strut-hub corner separation. The profiling was found to reduce the net duct loss by 16%. The paper shows that the key benefit to endwall profiling is that it can be used to safely increase the size of the design space in which aeroengine duct designers can operate.
Optimization of Nonaxisymmetric Endwalls in Compressor S-Shaped Ducts
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Naylor, E. M. J., Dueñas, C. O., Miller, R. J., and Hodson, H. P. (September 17, 2009). "Optimization of Nonaxisymmetric Endwalls in Compressor S-Shaped Ducts." ASME. J. Turbomach. January 2010; 132(1): 011011. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3103927
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