A two-stage turbine is tested in a cooperation between the Institute of Aircraft Propulsion Systems (ILA) and MTU Aero Engines GmbH (MTU). The experimental results taken in the Altitude Test Facility (ATF) are used to assess the impact of cavity flow and leakage on vortex structures. The analysis focuses on a range of small Reynolds numbers, from as low as 35,000 up to 88,000. The five hole probe area traverse data is compared to steady multistage CFD predictions behind the second vane. The numerical model compares computations without and with cavities modeled. The simulation with cavities is superior to the approach without cavities. The vortex induced blockage is found to be inversely proportional to the Reynolds number. The circulation of the vortices is dependent on the Reynolds number showing a reversing trend to the smallest Reynolds numbers. The steady numerical model as of yet is unsuitable to predict these trends. A first unsteady simulation suggests major improvements.
Low Pressure Turbine Secondary Vortices: Reynolds Lapse
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Kuerner, M., Reichstein, G. A., Schrack, D., Rose, M. G., Staudacher, S., Gier, J., and Engel, K. (September 4, 2012). "Low Pressure Turbine Secondary Vortices: Reynolds Lapse." ASME. J. Turbomach. November 2012; 134(6): 061022. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4006299
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