The flow through a transonic compressor cascade is characterized by high unsteadiness and a high loss level. This results from the shock waves in the blade cascade and their interaction with the blade suction side boundary layer. In the case of a laminar shock wave boundary layer interaction, the loss level is higher due to the occurrence of a laminar separation bubble below the shock wave compared to the shock wave interaction with a turbulent boundary layer. In addition, the oscillation of the shock position in both cases influences the working range concerning the point of stall onset as well as leading to an unsteady interaction with the blade called buffeting. The reduction of losses and of unsteadiness in the shock wave oscillation, connected to a decrease of the blade buffeting effect, is the aim of the current investigation. Therefore, experimental investigations using a roughness patch as well as air jet vortex generators in order to control the transition in a transonic compressor cascade have been conducted at the transonic cascade wind tunnel of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) at Cologne. At an inflow Mach number of 1.21, a loss reduction for both transition control cases is achieved. In spite of a nearly uninfluenced fluctuation range of the passage shock wave compared to the reference cascade, the oscillation spectra of the transition control cases show a reduction of the shock movement amplitude at a frequency below 500 Hz and above 1 kHz. In the closing section of the paper, a detailed discussion on the reasons for the resulting flow behavior based on particle image velocimetry and high-speed shadowgraphy data is given. The resulting conclusion of the study is that the consideration of transition control at transonic compressor blades is very important in order to reduce losses and flow unsteadiness that directly influences blade buffeting and the numerical prediction quality of the stall onset.